The built-up area in Machu Picchu is 530 meters long by 200 meters wide and includes at least 172 precincts. The complex is clearly divided into two large areas: the agricultural area, formed by sets of cultivation terraces, which is located to the south, and the urban area, which is the one where its occupants lived and where the main civil and religious activities took place.
Machu Picchu, as an integral part of a region of great economic movement in the times of Pachacútec, was integrated into the network of the Inca trails of the Empire. Using these trails, you can, until today, access other nearby Inca complexes that are of great interest.
The ruins, properly speaking, are within an intangible territory of the National System of Natural Areas Protected by the State called the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which covers an area of 32,592 hectares.